A comprehensive review of computational methods for automatic prediction of schizophrenia with insight into indigenous populations

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Randall, Ratana
Sharifzadeh, Hamid
Krishnan, J.
Pang, Shaoning
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Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
automated speech analysis
computational methods
language dysfunction
language relativity
cross-cultural studies
Kincaid, D. Lawrence, (1945-)
convergence model of communication
mental health
speech analysis
Ratana, R., Sharifzadeh, H., Krishnan, J., & Pang, S. H. (2019). A Comprehensive Review of Computational Methods for Automatic Prediction of Schizophrenia With Insight Into Indigenous Populations. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 659. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00659
Psychiatrists rely on language and speech behavior as one of the main clues in psychiatric diagnosis. Descriptive psychopathology and phenomenology form the basis of a common language used by psychiatrists to describe abnormal mental states. This conventional technique of clinical observation informed early studies on disturbances of thought form, speech, and language observed in psychosis and schizophrenia. These findings resulted in language models that were used as tools in psychosis research that concerned itself with the links between formal thought disorder and language disturbances observed in schizophrenia. The end result was the development of clinical rating scales measuring severity of disturbances in speech, language, and thought form. However, these linguistic measures do not fully capture the richness of human discourse and are time-consuming and subjective when measured against psychometric rating scales. These linguistic measures have not considered the influence of culture on psychopathology. With recent advances in computational sciences, we have seen a re-emergence of novel research using computing methods to analyze free speech for improving prediction and diagnosis of psychosis. Current studies on automated speech analysis examining for semantic incoherence are carried out based on natural language processing and acoustic analysis, which, in some studies, have been combined with machine learning approaches for classification and prediction purposes.
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© 2019 Ratana, Sharifzadeh, Krishnan and Pang.
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