Developments in surgical fluid therapy rates in veterinary medicine

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Naden, Kristina
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Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
cats (Felis catus)
dogs (Canis familiaris)
surgical fluid therapy
drug dosage
veterinary drugs
veterinary medicine
ANZSRC Field of Research Code (2020)
Naden, K. (2020). Developments in surgical fluid therapy rates in veterinary medicine. Veterinary Evidence, 5(3), 1-15. doi:
PICO QUESTION: Is there sufficient evidence to show surgical fluid therapy delivered at the recommended 3 mL/kg/hour for cats and 5 mL/kg/hour for dogs leads to a better outcome compared with widely accepted rates of 10 mL/kg/hour for both cats and dogs? `CATEGORY OF RESEARCH QUESTION - Treatment THE NUMBER AND TYPE OF STUDY DESIGNS REVIEWED Five studies were appraised. Two of these were opinion pieces, with one non-comparative prospective study, one randomised controlled trial, and one case control study STRENGTH OF EVIDENCE Weak OUTCOMES REPORTED Currently there is limited evidence to show that the surgical fluid therapy recommendations made by the 2013 Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association guidelines (Davis et al., 2013) for cats and dogs lead to a better outcome than accepted fluid therapy rates used. Fluid overload in humans can cause long-term adverse effects, however the same effects have yet to be shown specifically in veterinary patients. CONCLUSION No evidence was found that provides strong, conclusive evidence that the 2013 recommendations by the American Animal Hospital Association and American Association of Feline Practitioners leads to a better outcome for both cats and dogs. The resulting research outlined below identifies a need to conduct clinical studies on the effects of fluid therapy on cats and dogs, and identify clear monitoring protocols to minimise and ideally avoid, fluid overload. When adequate, valid clinical studies have been carried out, this will provide sufficient information for the development of evidence-based recommended rates of fluid therapy for veterinary medicine, in a range of contexts
RCVS Knowledge (Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons)
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