Sound landscapes : the past, the present and the possible

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Authors
Park, Jane
Author ORCID Profiles (clickable)
Degree
Master of Landscape Architecture
Grantor
Unitec Institute of Technology
Date
2018
Supervisors
Foote, Hamish
Bradbury, Matthew
Type
Masters Thesis
Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
Keyword
New Zealand
Onehunga (N.Z.)
Māngere Inlet (Onehunga, Auckland, N.Z.)
urban spaces
noise pollution
soundscape
sonic milieu
acoustics and landscape design
noise barrier design
traffic noise mitigation
Citation
Park, J. (2018). Sound landscapes: The past, the present and the possible. This unpublished thesis is submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Master in Landscape Architecture degree at Unitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.
Abstract
RESEARCH QUESTION: How can polyphonic soundscape ideals be the primary driver in the design of post-industrial environments? Sound Landscapes poses the question, how can polyphonic soundscape ideals be the main driver in the design of post-industrial environments? A hypothetical Master Plan for future development at Onehunga is used as a framework to answer this question. The plan provides a location for the implementation of underestimated acoustic techniques, which will add to the discourse regarding harmonious soundscapes within the urban landscape. The discourse currently focuses predominately on the undesirable influences of the imbalanced soundscape that is universally known as noise pollution. The potentials of the sonic aesthetic are undermined. This investigation seeks to address this issue and demonstrate that the sonic landscape is a valuable resource awaiting its discovery and that there are opportunities for this invisible aesthetic to foster and enrich a sense of place. Polyphonic elements can occupy a privileged niche within the landscape. Significant social, cultural and ecological needs of key stakeholders have been identified and these are acknowledged and reflected in the sound-driven principles and interventions that are a result of this project. Analysis of design precedents has identified possibilities for addressing issues of noise pollution from a position of inspiration and positive influence. It is common for disciplines to reside in silos. This research project seeks to raise awareness of the potentials of integration - the confluence of acoustic theory and normative landscape architectural practice. This process, which is polyphonic by nature, has produced a variety of strategies and spatial arrangements that aim to transform sound from a problem to a design resource
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