Barangay Hall : vernacular identity in post-disaster community rebuilding

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Authors
De Lara, Pristine Angel Punzalan
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Degree
Master of Architecture (Professional)
Grantor
Unitec Institute of Technology
Date
2016
Supervisors
McConchie, Graeme
Type
Masters Thesis
Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
Keyword
Barangay Andap (New Bataan, Compostela Valley, Philippines)
Barangay halls
Filipino architecture
vernacular architecture
community centres
Typhoon Bopha (2012)
post-disaster reconstruction
community recovery
community centre architecture
Compostela Valley (Philippines)
Philippines
ANZSRC Field of Research Code (2020)
Citation
De Lara, P. A. P. (2016). Barangay Hall: Vernacular identity in post-disaster community rebuilding. An unpublished explanatory document submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Master of Architecture (Professional), Unitec Institute of Technology, New Zealand.
Abstract
The 2012 Typhoon Bopha devastated the Mindanao region in the Philippines; in particular is in Barangay Andap, New Bataan, Compostela Valley- a community that was fully wiped away as a result of the debris flow from the surrounding mountain ranges. Almost four years since the typhoon, the Barangay is in the rebuild process. Although shelter has been provided, a place where the community can collaborate is yet to be explored. The office of the smallest political and administrative unit in the Philippines, called the Barangay Hall, has a functional language that is apt in promoting community rehabilitation. Often times, it is adjacent and/or connected to a day care centre, health clinic and local church; thus, answering issues of civic administration, religion, health, and education. However, its formal characteristics are often products of the economy and are quite alienated compared to the country’s rich heritage. As a quintessential Filipino building, it only makes sense to apply the country’s rich pre-colonial heritage in its architectural treatment. This design research aims to answer the question on how Filipino vernacular architecture can be applied in the design of a barangay hall, a typology that is highly associated with national identity, and utilise the design in reinvigorating a community that has been devastated and displaced by a natural disaster. This study emphasises the lessons from Philippine vernacular architecture and their suitability in a design that is culturally adapted and geared towardsdeveloping national identity. Concurrently, it utilises disaster mitigation methods and environmental considerations in providing a sustainable and resilient development. This method of combining history, anthropology, and environmental science is used to inform the architecture of a barangay civic centre,which is composed of the barangay hall, the local chapel, and the public elementary school.
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