Articular and artificial cartilage, characteristics, properties and testing approaches - a review

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Authors
Mostakhdemin, M.
Nand, Ashveen
Ramezani, Maziar
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Date
2021-06-18
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Type
Journal Article
Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
Keyword
articular cartilage
hydrogels
mechnical properties
tribological properties
knee joints
ANZSRC Field of Research Code (2020)
Citation
Mostakhdemin, M., Nand, A., & Ramezani, M. (2021). Articular and artificial cartilage, characteristics, properties and testing approaches - a review. Polymers, 13, 2000. doi:10.3390/polym13122000
Abstract
The design and manufacture of artificial tissue for knee joints have been highlighted recently among researchers which necessitates an apt approach for its assessment. Even though most re‐searches have focused on specific mechanical or tribological tests, other aspects have remained underexplored. In this review, elemental keys for design and testing artificial cartilage are discussed and advanced methods addressed. Articular cartilage structure, its compositions in loadbearing and tribological properties of hydrogels, mechanical properties, test approaches and wear mechanisms are discussed. Bilayer hydrogels as a niche in tissue artificialization are presented, and recent gaps are assessed.
Publisher
MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute)
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DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13122000
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Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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