Application of climate change adaptation, resilience, and beach management strategies on coral Islands

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Other Title
Authors
Mead, S.
Borrero, Jose
Phillips, David
Atkin, E.
Author ORCID Profiles (clickable)
Degree
Grantor
Date
2015-09
Supervisors
Type
Conference Contribution - Paper in Published Proceedings
Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
Keyword
climate change
coastal erosion mitigation strategies
coral islands
coastal engineering
environmental remediation
coral reef ecology
beach erosion
Citation
Mead, S., Borrero, J., Phillips, D. & Atkin, E. (2015). Application of climate change adaptation, resilience, and beach management strategies on coral Islands. In Australasian Coasts & Ports Conference 2015: 22nd Australasian Coastal and Ocean Engineering Conference and the 15th Australasian Port and Harbour Conference. Auckland, New Zealand: Engineers Australia and IPENZ, 2015: 566-571
Abstract
Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are particularly vulnerable to climate change, climate variability and sea level rise. For many island nations, the very existence of some low-lying islands and their associated communities are threatened. International aid funds are now being applied to the development of climate change adaptation and resilience measures on coral islands worldwide. In many areas, identification of vulnerable sites and planning has been completed and climate change adaptation and resilience measures are being implemented. These measures are often directed at ‘buying time’ to develop long-term relocation strategies. However, the coastal processes on coral sand beaches and coasts are significantly different to temperate coasts. There is comparatively little information available that considers the design and application of coastal structures and the associated components of coastal climate change adaptation and resilience measures for coral beaches. Additional challenges include isolation and the lack of suitable equipment and materials with which to implement climate change resilience and adaptation strategies. This paper presents the investigations, detailed designs and implementation of climate change adaptation and resilience measures in Tonga, the Marshall Islands and Mauritius, as well as the development and application of beach management strategies in other parts of the Pacific Islands. There is a common theme between the development of climate change adaptation and resilience measures and beach management strategies for these coral sand beaches with respect to coastal processes and the physical and biological components that produce and transport sand in these systems. Coupling of physical/biological and social/terrestrial/coastal factors is an important consideration for the successful application of coastal strategies on coral sand beaches. The measures that are being applied to the different sites, in order to work with their site specific variables, are detailed.
Publisher
Engineers Australia and IPENZ
Link to ePress publication
DOI
Copyright holder
Engineers Australia and IPENZ
Copyright notice
All rights reserved
Copyright license