The efficacy of surface electromyographic biofeedback assisted stretching for the treatment of chronic low back pain : A case-series

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Authors
Moore, Aimee M.
Mannion, Jamie
Moran, Robert
Author ORCID Profiles (clickable)
Degree
Grantor
Date
2014-01
Supervisors
Type
Journal Article
Ngā Upoko Tukutuku (Māori subject headings)
Keyword
flexion relaxation
chronic low back pain
surface electromyography
SEMG-assisted stretching
biofeedback
pain intensity
disabilities
range of motion (ROM)
maximum voluntary flexion
Citation
Moore, A., Mannion, J., and Moran, R. (2014). The efficacy of surface electromyographic biofeedback assisted stretching for the treatment of chronic low back pain: A case-series. Journal of Movement and Bodywork Therapies, 19 (1), 8-16.
Abstract
Individuals with low back pain (LBP) commonly present with an impaired flexion erelaxation (FR) response, characterised as continued lumbar muscle activation at maximal voluntary flexion. The aim of the present investigation was to explore the effectiveness of a surface electromyographic assisted stretching (SEMGAS) programme in improving FR. Nine volunteers with chronic LBP and an impaired FR took part in weekly biofeedback SEMGAS sessions and performed a home-based stretching programme, for 5 weeks. FR, Oswestry Disability Index, Numeric Pain Rating Scale and Sit and Reach were recorded pre and post-intervention as well as at a 4e6-week follow-up. Of the nine participants included, three improved FR to statistically significant levels. These three participants also achieved a clinically important change in pain intensity scores. The results suggest that SEMGAS may provide benefits to some individuals with chronic LBP and impaired FR, although larger scale investigation of SEMGAS alone is indicated.
Publisher
Churchill Livingstone
Link to ePress publication
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2013.12.008
Copyright holder
Elsevier Ltd
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© 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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