Parametric Models of Coastal Settlements' Growth

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Dove, K.
Popov, Nikolay
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Pataua North
Whangārei Heads
urban design
parametric design
ANZSRC Field of Research Code (2020)
Dove , K., and Popov, N. (2013). Parametric Models of Coastal Settlements' Growth. In R. Davies and D. Menzies (Eds.) Proceedings of the 50th International Federation of Landscape Architects World Congress, 'Shared Wisdom in an Age of Change'(Ed.), Auckland, New Zealand, 38-43.
Parametric design has been widely used by architects. However within landscape architecture and urban design its use has been very limited (Steino, 2012). This paper reports on initial findings of on-going research that aims at investigating the applicability of parametric design concepts when evaluating growth scenarios in small coastal settlements within New Zealand. The objective of this research project is twofold. Firstly, it identifies issues associated with urban growth, alongside current urban design approaches. Secondly, the project aims to take the parametric design discourse out of its academic context and test its applicability on a real site that is under pressure from growth. This is explored by developing parametric urban design systems that operate at different scales. The case study site is Pataua North, Whangārei Heads. This site has an expected growth demand of 5000 people (Liang, A. 2010). The developed parametric urban design system models the interconnections between greenspace, street layout and lot sizes. The advantages and shortcomings of parametric models when compared with canonical top-down urban design approaches are explored through this research. Evaluation criteria for privileging models outputs are also reviewed. The research recommends a range of possible improvements to models and speculates on the future of parametric urban design.
International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA )
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