Exploring their dark side or death before DNF: Ultra-athletes motivation to compete in and complete ultra-distance races
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Citation:Spenceley, K. (2020). Exploring their dark side or death before DNF: Ultra-athletes motivation to compete in and complete ultra-distance races. (Unpublished document submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Applied Science). Otago Polytechnic. https://doi.org/10.34074/thes.5627
Permanent link to Research Bank record:https://hdl.handle.net/10652/5627
Athletes undertaking ultra-distance races, especially in ultra-running, are a growing phenomenon. These events are frequently held over demanding terrain, such as mountains or deserts, and can involve many metres of vertical ascent as well as hundreds of kilometres. There is an expanding body of research into the physiological impact of such undertakings on the human body. Long-distance racing impacts adversely on the body of the athlete. Research has included the nutritional needs and calorie deficit in ultra-racing; difficulties in maintaining euhydration and avoiding hyponatraemia; sleep deprivation and its impact on mood and psychological drivers. However, there is a limited amount of literature exploring these psychological drivers that motivate athletes during ultra-distance events. The literature retrieved focussed upon specific races and athletes in specific contexts. This study set out to discover the psychological drive of athletes undertaking ultra-distance races, and how they maintained this impetus during the event itself. An ethnographic approach was used for data collection and analysis. Athletes were interviewed to elicit what drove them to pursue ultra-distance sports, and the tools they used during training and the event itself sustain their motivation. Findings from the analysed data were arranged into six broad themes: training; commitment; self-belief; mental toughness; support; addiction. During analysis, a further theme was discerned suggesting that challenging life events or changes could cause athletes to seek out ultra-distance events. Whilst links to past trauma were tenuous, as this was not identified at the outset of the study, it was identified as a theme requiring further investigation.
Keywords:New Zealand, long distance races, endurance, extreme sports, athletes, motivation, psychology
ANZSRC Field of Research:420799 Sports science and exercise not elsewhere classified, 520107 Sport and exercise psychology
Degree:Master of Applied Science, Otago Polytechnic
Supervisors:Humphrey, Richard; Barclay, Gary
Copyright Holder:Otago Polytechnic
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