Articular and artificial cartilage, characteristics, properties and testing approaches - a review
Mostakhdemin, M.; Nand, Ashveen; Ramezani, Maziar
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Citation:Mostakhdemin, M., Nand, A., & Ramezani, M. (2021). Articular and artificial cartilage, characteristics, properties and testing approaches - a review. Polymers, 13, 2000. doi:10.3390/polym13122000
Permanent link to Research Bank record:https://hdl.handle.net/10652/5404
The design and manufacture of artificial tissue for knee joints have been highlighted recently among researchers which necessitates an apt approach for its assessment. Even though most re‐searches have focused on specific mechanical or tribological tests, other aspects have remained underexplored. In this review, elemental keys for design and testing artificial cartilage are discussed and advanced methods addressed. Articular cartilage structure, its compositions in loadbearing and tribological properties of hydrogels, mechanical properties, test approaches and wear mechanisms are discussed. Bilayer hydrogels as a niche in tissue artificialization are presented, and recent gaps are assessed.