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dc.contributor.authorMurphy, Chris
dc.contributor.editorMarc Aurel Schnabel
dc.description.abstractClimate adaptation strategies evident in New Zealand local authority planning schemes suggest an awareness of coastal hazard issues caused by global warming and subsequent sea level rise. Coastal land identified as hazardous has limits on new residential development. Alterations to existing buildings are required to be within specific floor level heights and constructed of materials that lend themselves for removal. The emphasis is, however, on managing the impending hazard, rather than reducing or removing the risk. Limits on local authority powers and the fee simple entitlement of ownership mean the ability to order removal of buildings is limited to dangerous health and safety issues of immediate concern. Planned building retreat or removal in the face of future uncertainty is not possible without the cooperation of the landowner, a challenging scenario given the high cost and desirability of coastal land. This paper will overview key literature surrounding climate change adaptation policy as it relates to coastal hazards and sea-level rise. It will evaluate and compare the coastal hazard adaptation policies of two district schemes within New Zealand and suggest future strategies around the concept of “managed retreat” that may serve to minimise the potential damage to buildings (and their owners) living within hazardous coastal zonesen_NZ
dc.publisherArchitectural Science Association (ANZAScA)en_NZ
dc.rights©2017, Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)en_NZ
dc.subjectclimate changeen_NZ
dc.subjectlocal governmenten_NZ
dc.subjectsea level riseen_NZ
dc.subjectcoastal hazardsen_NZ
dc.subjectenvironmental policyen_NZ
dc.subjectWestern Bay of Plenty District Council (WBOPDC) District Scheme (Waihi Beach Coastal Protection Area)en_NZ
dc.subjectAuckland Unitary Plan Section E36en_NZ
dc.titleCoastal retreat : future implications for architecture in N.Z.'s coastal hazard zonesen_NZ
dc.typeConference Contribution - Paper in Published Proceedingsen_NZ
dc.rights.holderArchitectural Science Association (ANZAScA)en_NZ
dc.subject.marsden160507 Environment Policyen_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationMurphy, C P. (2017, December). Coastal Retreat: Future Implications for Architecture in NZ's Coastal Hazard Zones.In M. A. Schnabel (ed), Back to the Future: The Next 50 Years, (51st International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA)), Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), (pp.115-124).en_NZ
unitec.publication.titleProceedings of 51st International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA), 29 Nov - 2 Dec 2017, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.en_NZ
unitec.conference.titleBack to the Future: The Next 50 years : 51st International Conference of the Architectural Science Association (ANZAScA) (2017)en_NZ
unitec.conference.orgVictoria University of Wellington, New Zealanden_NZ
unitec.conference.locationWellington, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ

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