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dc.contributor.authorMandal, A.
dc.contributor.authorByrd, Hugh
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-26T23:31:45Z
dc.date.available2018-02-26T23:31:45Z
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.issn2475-6164
dc.identifier.issn2475-6156
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10652/4114
dc.description.abstractThis paper reports on a detailed analysis of the metabolism of the Island City of Mumbai should the Indian Government’s proposal for ‘smart’ cities be implemented. It focuses on the environmental impact of increased population density achieved by demolishing existing medium-rise (3-5 storey) housing and replacing it with the proposed high-rise (40-60 storey) towers. The resulting increase in density places a burden on the demand on such things as electricity and water and simultaneously increases the output flows of drainage, solid waste and greenhouse gas production. An extended urban metabolism analysis is carried out on a proposed development in Mumbai (Bhendi Bazaar) that has been put forward as an exemplar case study by the Government. The flows of energy, water and wastes are calculated based on precedents and from first principles. The results of the case study are then extrapolated across the City in order to identify the magnitude of increased demands and wastes should the ‘smart’ city proposals be fully realised. Mumbai is the densest city in the world. It already suffers from repeated blackouts, water rationing and inadequate waste and sewage treatment. The results of the study indicate, on a per capita basis, increasing density will have a significant further detrimental effect on the environment.en_NZ
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAnglo-American Publishersen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua/article/view/14en_NZ
dc.rightsAll rights reserveden_NZ
dc.subjectMumbai (India)en_NZ
dc.subjectsmart citiesen_NZ
dc.subjecturban intensificationen_NZ
dc.subjectenergyen_NZ
dc.subjectwasteen_NZ
dc.subjectblackoutsen_NZ
dc.subjecturban sprawlen_NZ
dc.subjectIndiaen_NZ
dc.titleDensity, energy and metabolism of a proposed smart cityen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.date.updated2017-10-20T13:30:05Z
dc.identifier.doidoi:10.25034/cua.2017.3648en_NZ
dc.subject.marsden120507 Urban Analysis and Developmenten_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationMandal, A., & Byrd, H. (2017). Density, energy and metabolism of a proposed smart city. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 1(2), pp.57-68. doi:10.25034/ijcua.2017.3648en_NZ
unitec.publication.spage57en_NZ
unitec.publication.lpage68en_NZ
unitec.publication.volume1en_NZ
unitec.publication.issue2en_NZ
unitec.publication.titleJournal of Contemporary Urban Affairsen_NZ
unitec.peerreviewedyesen_NZ
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
unitec.identifier.roms59198en_NZ
unitec.publication.placeGirne American University Kyrenia, Northern Cyprusen_NZ
unitec.institution.studyareaArchitecture


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