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dc.contributor.authorWake, Sue
dc.contributor.authorLeather, Joanne Margaret
dc.contributor.editorC. Schnoor
dc.description.abstractTransfer implies moving knowledge or objects through space or time – inevitably creating change in the translation process. Vectors facilitate transfer or spread – either as organisms that are agents of change or as a force of influence. In the Bay of Islands, the Maori village of Rangihoua was the location of the first permanent European settlement in Aotearoa, New Zealand (Oihi Mission). Lay missionaries sent out by the Church Missionary Service were selected firstly for their transferable skills, vital in the establishment of a colonial society. 200 years on, excavation of Mission sites, such as the one at Oihi show it is peppered with the translation of these events. For example, building evidence (including the first school in New Zealand), remnant cropping areas and gardens (including Maori agricultural ditches, heritage rose varieties), and a legacy of non-native species introduced by early settlers. Crowning the site is a memorial to Reverend Samuel Marsden who conducted the first Christian service on New Zealand soil in 1814, with translation by Ruatara, the local Maori chief. With the bicentennial approaching it is an ideal time to consider the role of missionaries, notably James Shepherd, as a vector of alien knowledge, culture and species, in translating the landscape of this site. The paper will also investigate how the site conditions may have resisted or altered the colonial efforts, in a re-translation of the translator. In summary, using primary data from sites and accounts of the life of James Shepherd the authors will construct a history of early missionary life, as viewed through the competing lenses of colonial and indigenous influence on landscape morphology and practices.en_NZ
dc.publisherSAHANZ and Unitec ePressen_NZ
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.en_NZ
dc.subjectBay of Islands (N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectRangihoua (Bay of Islands, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectOihi Mission (Bay of Islands, N.Z.)en_NZ
dc.subjectShepherd, James (Missionary)en_NZ
dc.subjectPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax, harakeke)en_NZ
dc.subjectMāori horticultureen_NZ
dc.subjectcultural transferen_NZ
dc.subjectNew Zealanden_NZ
dc.titleAgents of change or changed agents? Early missionary landscape translations through knowledge, culture and biota at Bay of Islands Missions, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.typeConference Contribution - Paper in Published Proceedingsen_NZ
dc.subject.marsden210311 New Zealand Historyen_NZ
dc.subject.marsden210309 Māori Historyen_NZ
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitationWake, S. J., and Leather, J. M. (2014, August). "Agents of change or changed agents? Early missionary landscape translations through knowledge, culture and biota at Bay of Islands Missions, New Zealand", in Proceedings of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand:31, Translation, edited by Christoph Schnoor (Auckland, New Zealand : SAHANZ and Unitec ePress ; and Gold Coast, Queensland : SAHANZ 2014) 189-200), ISBN 9781927214121.en_NZ
unitec.publication.titleProceedings of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand: 31, Translationen_NZ
unitec.conference.titleTranslation : Conference Proceedings SAHANZ 2014en_NZ
unitec.conference.orgSociety of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand (SAHANZ)en_NZ
unitec.conference.locationUnitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealanden_NZ
dc.contributor.affiliationUnitec Institute of Technologyen_NZ
dc.subject.tukutukuKōrero neheen_NZ
dc.subject.tukutukuAhu māraen_NZ
unitec.publication.placeUnitec Institute of Technology, Auckland, New Zealanden_NZ
unitec.institution.studyareaLandscape Architecture

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