Business Other Research

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    Exploring the demographics of the recreation forest - preliminary research findings.
    (2023-03-01) Alton, Bronwyn; Crawshaw, Clare
    To find out who are the current users of the forest/ngahere, in order to help inform decision-making by council on how the forests can be managed and promoted more effectively. • Provide demographic data to support the development management strategies and investment plans of other stakeholders.
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    The ever-changing recreational uses of Whakarewarewa Forest: A multiparty research collaboration
    (2023-09-08) Alton, Bronwyn; Crawshaw, Clare
    This research project explored the demographics of the current users of Rotorua’s recreational forests and was spearheaded by Toi Ohomai | Te Pūkenga kaimahi Bronwyn Alton and Clare Crawshaw, along with Toi Ohomai | Te Pūkenga ākonga who were recruited to participate as field researchers in the data collection process. The project is supported by RotoruaNZ and the Titokorangi and Whakarewarewa Forest Recreational Management Group, who are key stakeholders. The ongoing study identifies the demographics of Whakarewarewa Forest users and aims to be a key resource to support decision making and management strategies for the district. This presentation will share the key findings from the data collected and will reflect on the significant research opportunity provided to the participating ākonga, discussing how this partnership supported building their research capacity and enabled them to learn with purpose. As kaiako in a Level 5 business programme (NZ Diploma in Business) it is important to us that ākonga are involved in critically assessing the changing world around them including ako relationships that accelerate understanding of the changing environment and their own development. This presentation will share reflections from ākonga and kaimahi on their learnings. The involvement of, and partnering with, ākonga in research provides many opportunities and we aim to inspire other kaimahi to do the same in all programmes at Te Pūkenga subsidiaries.
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    Innovation and change in assessments through enquiring business minds: An analysis of ākonga perceptions of showcasing events as assessment
    (2023-09-08) Alton, Bronwyn; Chutuape, Darlyn; Crawshaw, Clare; Rangiahua, Kimberley
    For the past three semesters, the Business Management Team at Toi Ohomai | Te Pūkenga have been holding showcasing events at the end of each semester as an opportunity for students to share their learnings with the wider Toi Ohomai | Te Pūkenga community and industry stakeholders. Literature suggests that there is value in holding such events as the presentations serve as authentic learning experiences for students - providing ākonga with a platform to develop communication skills which are essential to building their employability skill set. To obtain empirical evidence to support these assumptions, we engaged in a research project to explore the showcasing event through an ākonga lens. This qualitative study was carried out through focus group discussions with our ākonga which were organised and conducted by our learning facilitators from Mokoia and Windermere campuses. What emerged from the study is an insightful review from our ākonga of their impressions of the event - what worked, what didn’t work, and what improvements can be implemented for future events. Our team would like to share these findings in this symposium and encourage fellow participants in a discussion on the challenges, but more importantly, the rewards of implementing change in how we conduct assessment towards authentic learning, and in developing students of merit.
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    Does institutional quality matter to Korean outward FDI? A gravity model analysis
    (2023) Akhtaruzzaman, Muhammad
    Institutional quality is found to be a major determinant in FDI literature in general. It suggests that political risk (lack of/poor institutional quality) not only deters FDI inflows to host countries but also can lead FDI to countries with higher risks and to ‘pollution heaven’ which might have an adverse impact on long term growth and development in both host and home countries. There are strong empirical evidences in literature that lack of institutional quality or good governance is associated with lower FDI inflows. An extensive literature (Alfaro et al. 2008; Ali et al. 2010; Akhtaruzzaman et al. 2017; Bénassy‐Quéré et al. 2007) investigated FDI response to various types of institutional quality in FDI host countries. Over the last 20 years data evidenced that Korea’s OFDI flowed to developing countries with a sustained large gap existing in institutional quality between host countries and Korea (See, Fig 2 top panel); however; those countries had been offering a higher degree of capital account openness. A sharp increase in capital account openness since the early 2000s coincides with sharp increase in Korea’s OFDI to those host countries. For example, Peru was the least open economy and started to initiate measures to open capital account since the mid-90s and early 2000s. The degree of openness in Peru is now similar to that of developed countries. On the other hand, Peru is one of the least progressed countries in terms of institutional quality over the same period of time. This slow or no progress in institutional quality is a common pattern of institutional improvement for a large sample of host countries of Korea’s OFDI (see, Figure 2). However, those developing countries including Peru are regular destinations of a substantial amount of Korea’s OFDI. Does this suggest that institutional quality of host country does not matter to Korean investors, or is there a 3rd factor mitigating the impact of institutional quality on Korea’s OFDI? Few studies on Korea’s OFDI considered institutional quality of host country as a control variable instead of main determinant of FDI (Park and Jung 2020). However, existing studies do not explain why Korea’s OFDI flowed to countries with a large gap in institutional quality between Korea and host countries. This research fills the gap in the literature of Korea’s OFDI. The findings of this research suggest that high degree of capital account openness (a factor that ensures profit repatriation of investors) weakened the negative impact of poor institutional quality in host countries on Korea’s OFDI.