Landscape Architecture Journal Articles

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    Gardening the interior: Odo Strewe inside the 1960s
    (Victoria University of Wellington, 2022-12-13) Francis, Kerry; Unitec, Te Pūkenga; Te Pūkenga; Christine McCarthy
    Odo Strewe arrived in New Zealand in 1938, a refugee from Nazi Germany. After release from internment on Matiu (Somes Island) as an Enemy Alien during World War Two, he married and moved to Auckland where he started a landscape design and construction business. Strewe had explored the idea of plants inside buildings in the very first house that he had made for his family in Glen Eden, Auckland in 1949. An Australian journalist writing about the house described the interior "with tropical paw paws almost coming indoors to join forces with the banana that is really growing and fruiting, right inside the house." Strewe continued to advocate for this disciplinary contest in subsequent years by writing about indoor gardening in New Zealand Modern Homes and Gardens and designing gardens that challenged the boundaries between landscape and the interior. This paper will explore the design strategies of two of Strewe's interior gardens in the 1960s as he developed this aspect of his landscape design practice. [Note: Article mistitled "Inside the 1980s” ; running title at top of pages correct]
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    Green infrastructural urbanism and climate change = 绿色基础设施城市主义和气候变化
    (Beijing Forestry University, 2021-09-18) Bradbury, Matthew; Wang, Xinxin; Unitec Institute of Technology
    [Article has Chinese language version first followed by English translation] 气候变化产生的环境影响:雨水污染加剧、城市洪水、海平面上升和城市热岛效应,已成为全球性问题。绿色基础设施(GI)越来越多地被推广为解决气候变化导致的环境恶化的“灵丹妙药”,尤其是在城市地区。 城市本质上为高密度且不透水的空间,仅有少量的绿地来吸收预计增加的降雨量。位于沿海地区的城市容易受 到海平面上升的影响,同时,大量的硬质表面会使空气温度的上升加剧。研究认为:可以利用绿色基础设施来 改变当前的城市形态以构建应对环境影响的生态韧性。为了实现这一概念,必须将城市视为区域景观的一部分。 采用一种基于流域的方法来探索如何用绿色基础设施改善气候变化对环境的影响,并使用推测性案例研究来证 明这种方法,表明重新设计的城市形态可以优先安排绿色基础设施,而不会影响建筑项目和房地产投资回报。虽然该研究位于新西兰,但基于流域的方法也适用于中国的城市 The environmental impact of climate change (CC), an increase in stormwater contamination, urban flooding, sea level rise and the urban heat island effect, have become a global issue. Green infrastructure (GI) is increasingly being promoted as a panacea to the environmental deprecation of climate change especially in the urban realm. Cities by their very nature, are very dense and impermeable places with little green space to absorb the expected increase in rainfall, are often located on the littoral and are therefore vulnerable to sea level rise, and the many hard surfaces will acerbate an increase in air temperature. We argue that green infrastructure can be used as a way to build resilience to these effects by changing the current urban form. To achieve this conceptual shift, the city must be seen as being part of a larger landscape. This paper presents a catchment based methodology to explore how a GI can help ameliorate the environmental effects of climate change. The authors use a speculative case study to demonstrate this method, and show that a reconfigured urban form can prioritise climate change mitigation strategies, without compromising the building programme and real estate return. While the study is located in New Zealand, we believe that the catchment-based approach is applicable to cities in China.
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    Being (back) there : travel sketches that evoke a previous temporality
    (AP2 Open Access Journals, 2020-12-30) Rennie, Julian; Unitec Institute of Technology
    During the recent Covid-19 lockdown I stumbled upon an sketchbook of my first trip overseas to the USA (in 1986). More particularly my month long stay in Manhattan, (where one didn’t need a car to get around). Within this urban island I would get going early, walk, walk and take in sights, sounds and smells which was all new to my (distant) Kiwi senses, then exhausted at the end of the day would take the subway home. Within the March 2020 lockdown viewing these sketches took me back, to the quiet times of finding a place, and looking, seeing, listening, rendering with just a Rotring pen, all the while, people going about their daily business, largely ignoring me, was it because I was so still? Or was it because they were rush rushing with their “Man-hectic” lives. Lingering longer as required for a sketch, not clicking one’s SLR camera and moving on to the next ‘image.” Manhattan a place where I too learnt to walk along a “sidewalk,” (a “footpath” to me), eating a folded slice of pizza like other “Manhattaners!” These drawings seem to me to hold unspoken memories that upon viewing afresh, rather like a smell (e.g. a perfume) can transport one back in time in an instant. The sketches remain silent, yet for me they bring back the 24/7 noise and bustle of a large urbanity. This offering will unpack these nuances, set within other writers’ armchair travel texts and attempt to position how hand sketching remains experiential and visceral in contrast to the uber-paced virtual world we now find ourselves in.
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    Onehunga waterfront and climate adaptation : a Unitec Landscape/Architecture studio
    (2021-03-18) Wang, Xinxin; Melchiors, Lucia; Bradbury, Matthew; Unitec Institute of Technology
    This paper discusses the potential of a landscape/architecture student joint studio to develop design strategies for a waterfront development that adapts to the environmental challenges of climate change. The authors developed a studio methodology to help students build collaboration and capacity to address real-world problems. The collaborative approach started with the deliberate engagement of a multiplicity of stakeholders, drawn from government agencies, practitioners, the community and mana whenua. The studio approach offered architecture and landscape architecture students the opportunity to work in teams, to conduct critical research and to address critical contemporary issues through the design process. Using the Port of Onehunga in Auckland as a case study, this paper presents the results of students’ collaboration with the Auckland Council development agency Panuku in 2019 and 2020. The selected student projects demonstrate how a collaboration between landscape architects and architects can contribute to creative solutions to address the effects of climate change. This process not only inspired innovative solutions in the first master plan phase, but also informed detailed interventions in the second building and publicspace design phase. The results of the studio work demonstrate that alternative design strategies to the current generic waterfront model could be developed. These strategies explicitly address environmental problems, such as sea-level rise, to develop a more resilient waterfront development. The results of the collaborative studio project bring valuable insights for the local community in their search for design strategies to adapt to climate change. The results of the studio also contribute to the international search for alternative solutions for the design of waterfront development projects around the world.
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    Hīhīaua : a Unitec Landscape / Architecture Studio
    (Unitec Institute of Technology, 2017-11-21) Bradbury, Matthew; Wang, Xinxin; Byrd, Hugh; Melchiors, Lucia; Unitec Institute of Technology
    In 2015 Whangārei District Council initiated the development of an urban strategy document for the development of the city centre. The Hīhīaua Peninsula was identified as a site for a waterfront development. The proposed Hīhīaua Precinct Plan focused on a traditional urban waterfront masterplan with an intensification of built form in the shape of apartments and retail. In response to this proposal, the Momentum North group was established. This group, includes local businesses, property owners and stakeholders in Whangārei. The Momentum North group wished to develop a more nuanced masterplan for the development of the site, where working and living together forms a rounded community with an emphasis on the importance of cultural values and a sustainable environment. The community identified five themes that needed to be addressed in any development. WORK: More opportunity for employment in the area, PLAY: A destination for recreation for the citizens of Whangārei, LIVE: A great opportunity for people to live in the centre of Whangārei, LEARN: With the presence of He Puna Marama Charitable Trust, the Pacific Indigenous and Local Knowledge Centre of Distinction (Pacific Centre), the Northland Youth Theatre and the proposed Hīhīaua Cultural Centre, the peninsula could become a cultural and educational hub for Whangārei , VISIT: Hīhīaua has great potential as a tourist attraction. Momentum North contacted Unitec for assistance in developing an alternative masterplan Senior students in the Landscape and Architecture programmes in the Architecture Pathway responded to the challenge. This project was an opportunity to examine some of the underlying environmental conditions in the development of an urban waterfront, and address the desires and wishes of the stakeholders. Working with these conditions, students where asked to privilege the environmental and cultural factors and to develop a new planning methodology to ensure an ecologically and socially sustainable waterfront by working in a collaborative manner.